Migration flows, 2006-2007


Observations for policy

Differences in migration patterns follow wealth and accessibility. Affluent regions and cities gain from migration whereas more peripheral and poor regions lose. Large agglomeration in Central and Eastern Europe are among gaining regions. Equally important is the fact that domestic migration trends to seem to reinforce the cities in national urban systems.

Policy context

Free movement of people is one of the cornerstones of European integration. In times of economic crisis and growing social economic imbalances in Europe, labour mobility is an important topic for policy.

Map interpretation

The map to the left shows the migration patterns of 2 million people a year moving between the EU27+4 countries. The main axis of migration flows is between Germany and Poland. This is followed at a considerable lower level by the migration flows between Romania-Spain and Romania-Italy. Furthermore, there are considerable migration flows between the UK and Spain and the UK and Poland.

Additionally, there are remarkable differences in the diversity of migration. The bilateral flows between Poland and Germany and Czech Republic and Germany represent over 50 per cent of all migration flows within EU27+4 for both Poland and Czech Republic. In contrast, Latvia, the Netherlands, France, the UK and especially Sweden, the migration pattern is more geographically spread and no singular main flows can be identified.

In 2006, approximately 6.5 million people moved from one NUTS2 region to another within the same country. Here the dominant flow to capital cities and larger metropolitan areas is visible. This is particularly evident for Paris, London, Madrid, Barcelona, Budapest and Helsinki.

Furthermore, differences between countries can be observed:

Furthermore, there are important migration flows between the EU27+4 countries and the rest of the world. These are however not reflected in the two maps. It also has to be underlined that the maps reflect data prior to the economic crisis.

Concepts and methods

All maps are based on the analysis of migration between countries and within countries.