Regional typology of energy poverty

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Observations for policy

Changing prices will affect European regions rather differently. In some regions, it will challenge the economic structure while others will not be affected and some might even benefit from it. The typology of energy poverty shows that energy policies and the mitigation actions related to increasing energy prices require territorially differentiated approaches.

Policy context

Energy is a key issue for growth and territorial development in Europe. The question of how the economic development of a region is affected by changing energy prices is increasingly important. This concerns both the question how much energy input is needed to produce one Euro in added-value as well as the potential to produce renewable energy. Consequently the European strategy on ‘Energy 2020′ underlines among others the need for an efficient use of energy as well as affordable energy.

Map interpretation

The map presents five types of regions to discuss risk of energy poverty in Europe:

Concepts and methods

Nine indicators were used in this exercise to reflect the different features of energy poverty, including climate conditions, economic structure, transport dependency, social vulnerability, production of wind and solar energy.